The act prohibits employment of children in certain hazardous occupations and processes and regulates their employment in some other areas. Central Government is the Appropriate Government in relation to an establishment under the Control of the Central Government or a railways administration or a major port or a mine or oilfield. The Hon'ble Supreme Court in their Judgment dated 10.12.1996 in the Writ Petition (Civil) No.465/86 has given certain directions regarding the manner in which children working in hazardous occupations are to be withdrawn and rehabilitated. One of the important directions of the Supreme Court relates to conduct of survey of Child Labour. The issue of conducting survey came up for discussion in the Conference of Labour Ministers, Labour Secretaries, Labour Commissioner of all the States/UTs which was held in New Delhi on 22.1.1997 under the Chairmanship of the Union Labour Minister. After the deliberation in the conference guidelines to the State Governments for implementing the judgement of the Hon'ble Supreme Court have been issued by the Ministry of Labour.