The Factories Act, 198

The Factories Act, 198

  • The object of the Factories Act is to regulate the conditions of work in manufacturing establishments coming within the definition of the term "factory" as used in the Act.
  • The first Act, in India, relating to the subject was passed in 1881. This was followed by new Acts in 1891, 1911, 1922, 1934 and 1948. The Act of 1948 is more comprehensive than the previous Acts. It contains detailed provisions regarding the health, safety and welfare of workers inside factories, the hours of work, the minimum age of ¬workers, leave with pay etc. The Act has been amended several times.
  • The Act is based on the .provisions of the Factories Act of Great Britain passed in 1937.
    • Applicability
    • Manufacturing with use of power with 10 or more workmen
      Manufacturing without power with 20 or more workmen
      Manufacturing / process in “dangerous operations”

    • Requirements
    • Each state has its own rules and procedure for obtaining license and renewals. It includes approval of factory plans and machinery layout application for license / renewals with fees depending upon number of total workmen employed and installed horse power. Maintenance of various registers, records etc. Enactment also requires certain notices and returns to be submitted to the authorities.

    • Consequences
    • There are penalties for different breaches and contraventions. For any non or less compliances of the rules, occupier and manager of the factory shall each be guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment and/or fine. There are provisions of enhanced penalty after previous conviction.

Services We Offer

  • Registration of factories under the Act
  • Providing consultancy on day to day matters pertaining to the Act
  • Correspondence / Liaisoning with concerned authorities under the Act
  • Assistance in complying the duties of occupier / manufacturer as prescribed under the Act

Central & State Specific Labour Laws & Rules

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